BC  1400 - 1899  1900 - 1959  1960 - 1989  1990 - 1999  2000 - 2020





The first evidence of counting is dated back to around 50,000 B.C.





Metals start being created and used





The first evidence of writing is dated back to around 3,500 B.C.





The Bronze Age begins





Hieroglyphic numerals are first used in Egypt





Iron begins to be developed





The Salamis Tablet, Roman Calculi, and hand-abacus, much like the abacus we know today begins to be used around 500 B.C.



BC  1400 - 1899  1900 - 1959  1960 - 1989  1990 - 1999  2000 - 2020


     1400 - 1899    




Johannes Gutenberg completes his development of the Gutenberg press, the first printing press




Leonardo da Vinci develops drawings of a 13-digit cog-wheeled adder




Peter Henlein, a craftsman from Nuremberg Germany, creates the first watch




William Gilbert coins the term electricity from the Greek word elecktra




John Napier introduces a system called "Napiers Bones," made from horn, bone or ivory which allows the capability of multiplying by adding numbers and dividing by subtracting.




The circular slide rule is invented by William Oughtred




The first known workable mechanical calculating machine is invented by Germany's Wilhelm Schickard




William Oughtred of Cambridge combines two Gunter rules to make a device that resembles today's slide rule




Frances Blaise Pascal invents a machine, called the Pascaline, that can add, subtract, and carry between digits




Germany's Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz creates a machine that can add, subtract, multiply and divide automatically.




Gabriel Fahrenheit proposes the Fahrenheit standard for temperatures




An early form of punch cards begins to be used in textile looms




On June 10, 1752 Benjamin Franklin flies a kite that collects a charge after being struck by lightning




The first telegraph is built




Samuel Hopkins receives the first United States patent on July 31, 1790




Thomas de Colmar creates the first reliable, useful and commercially successful calculating machine




In early 1822, Charles Babbage proposes and begins developing the Difference Engine (a mechanical calculator designed to tabulate polynomial functions)




The earliest known surviving photograph is taken by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1826. It is a view of a courtyard from his window




George Simon Ohm introduces Ohm's law in the book Die galvanische Kette, mathematisch bearbeitet




Joseph Henry of Princeton invents the first working electric telegraph which used electrical signals




Semen Korsakov uses punch cards for the first time to store and search for information




Charles Babbage proposes the Analytical Engine, a mechanical general-purpose computer




Samuel Morse devises a code (later called Morse code) that uses different numbers to represent the letters and digits of the English alphabet




Samuel Morse dispatches the first telegraphic message over a line from Washington, D.C. to Baltimore on May 24, 1844




Izrael Staffel demonstrates the Staffel's calculator at the industrial exhibition in Warsaw




Siemens (now a a global powerhouse in electronics and electrical engineering) is founded




Western Union (a financial services and communications company) was founded




The phonautograph (phonograph) is patented on March 25, 1857 by Frenchman Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville. The device was capable of transcribing sound to a medium




The first known permanent colour photograph is taken of a Tartan Ribbon by the photographer Thomas Sutton. To achieve a colour image he took a photo of the ribbon three times, each time with a different colour, a method developed by James Clerk Maxwell




The first successful Trans-Atlantic cable is laid from Ireland to Newfoundland




Christopher Sholes invents the typewriter in the United States utilizing the QWERTY keyboard




Tanaka Seizo-sho is established in Japan and later merges with another company called shibaura Seisaku-sho to form Tokyo Shibarura Denki. Later this companies name is shortened to the company that we know today, Toshiba



The company American Telephone and Telegraph Company that later became AT&T is founded




Scottish-Canadian-American Alexander Graham Bell is often credited as inventing the telephone makes the first call on March 10, 1876




The microphone is invented in the United States by Emile Berliner



Thomas Edison invents and announces on November 21, 1877 the first phonograph capable of recording and replaying sounds




Eadweard Muybridge's "The Horse In Motion" becomes the first motion picture




Thomas Edison demonstrates the incandescent electric light bulb that lasts 13 1/2 hours on October 21, 1879



James Jacob Ritty patents the worlds first cash register on November 4, 1879




ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) is founded




American Thomas Edison discovers the Edison effect, where an electric current flows through a vacuum




American Telegraph and Telephone company (AT&T) is incorporated March 3,1885




National Geographic Society is established on January 27, 1888



Nikola Tesla patents the rotating field motor May 1, 1888 and later sells the rights to George Westinghouse. This invention helps create and transmit AC power and today is still a method for generating and distributing AC power.



William S. Burroughs patents a printing adding machine



Eastman Kodak (an American multinational imaging and photographic equipment, materials and services company) is founded



John Loud obtains a  patent for the ballpoint pen October 30, 1888



Friedrich Reintzer discovers liquid crystal which is the basis of most electronic displays 




Phillips (Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. - Royal Philips Electronics) is founded




Wilhelm Röntgen discovers X-rays November 8, 1895




Herman Hollerith starts the Tabulating Machine Company, the company later becomes the well-known computer company IBM (International Business Machines)




German scientist Karl Ferdinand Braun invents the Cathode-Ray Oscilloscope




Alcatel (a global telecommunications corporation) is founded



Nikola Tesla invents the remote control November 8, 1898




Herman Hollerith developed a method for machines to record and store information onto punch cards to be used for the US census. He later formed the company we know as IBM today



AT&T acquires assets of American Bell, and becomes the parent company of Bell System



BC  1400 - 1899  1900 - 1959  1960 - 1989  1990 - 1999  2000 - 2020


     1900 - 1959    




Nikola Tesla develops frequency hopping, now known as spread spectrum (an important concept in telecommunications)




The first radio message is sent across the Atlantic Ocean in Morse code




3M (formerly known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company) is founded




Wilbur and Orville Wright both take the first flight December 17, 1903.




John Ambrose Fleming creates the first commercial diode vacuum tube




The IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) is founded in London England




Lee De Frost files patent #879,532 on Jan 29, 1907 for the vacuum tube triode. This is later used as an electronic switch in the first electronic computer.



IBM files for its first U.S. patent, #998,631 October 11, 1907




The film "A Visit To The Seaside" becomes the first film commercially produced in natural colour in December of 1908




Henry Babbage, Charles Babbage's youngest son, completes a portion of the Analytical Engine which was able to perform basic calculations




Company now known as IBM on is founded June 16, 1911 in the state of New York  as the Computing - Tabulating - Recording Company (C-T-R), a consolidation of  the Computing Scale Company, and The International Time Recording Company.



IBM is granted its first patent #998,631 July 25, 1911.




G. N. Lewis begins work on the lithium battery




Panasonic is founded March 18, 1918 in Japan




Olympus is established on October 12, 1919 by Takeshi Yamashita




First radio broadcasting begins in United States, Pittsburgh, PA




Czech playwright Karel Capek coins the term "robot" in the 1921 play RUR (Rossum's Universal Robots)



The first Radio Shack store is opened by two brothers, Theodore and Milton Deutschmann




MPAA (Motion Picture Association of America) is established




Jack St. Clair Kilby, Nobel Prize winner and inventor of the Integrated Circuit, handheld calculator, and thermal printer is born November 8, 1923




The Computing - Tabulating - Recording (C-T-R) company is renamed to IBM on February 14, 1924




Philo Taylor Farnsworth becomes the first person to successfully transmit a Television signal on September 7, 1927




September 25, 1928, The Galvin Manufacturing Corporation begins operations - the company will later be known as Motorola



Galvin Manufacturing Corporation Auto radios begin to be sold as an accessory for the automobile. Paul Galvin coins the name Motorola for the company's new products, linking the ideas of motion and radio


Citizen (a large well known manufacturer of various computer components) is founded




Canon (one of the largest computer printer, floppy drives and video equipment manufactures) is established




The Federal Communications Commission  (FCC) is established



The US Communication Act becomes operative




The Polygraph Machine (the lie detector) is used for the first time




Germany's Konrad Zuse creates the Z1,  the first electro-mechanical binary programmable computer and a machine that could be controlled through a punch tape



Dvorak receives a patent for the Dvorak Keyboard May 12, 1936



Henry F. Phillips receives a patent for the Phillips screw and screwdriver July 7, 1936



Alan Turing develops the Turing Machine a device that printed symbols on paper tape in a manner that emulated a person following a series of logical instructions




Iowa State Colleges John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry begin work on creating the binary-based ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) - considered by most to be the first electronic digital computer.



Alec Reeves develops PCM (Pulse Code Modulation) - the basis of digital audio formats such as audio CD's, DVD's, and Blu-Ray discs




The company now known as Hewlett Packard creates its first product the HP 200A



Chester Carlson produces the first electrophotographic image October 22, 1938, which later becomes the Xerox machine



Orson Welles and Houseman broadcast H.G. Welles War of the Worlds on the airways October 30th as a Halloween spoof



BBC creates the first science fiction television program




George Stibitz completes the Complex Number Calculator capable of adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing complex numbers. This device provides a foundation for digital computers



Iowa State Colleges John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry create a prototype of the binary-based ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer)



Hewlett Packard is founded by William Hewlett and David Packard. The name is decided on the flip of a coin toss.




The first handheld two-way radio called the "Handy Talkie" is created by Motorola for the U.S. Army Signal Control




German Konrad Zuse finishes the Z3, a fully program-operational calculating machine. The computer is publically introduced in Berlin May 12, 1941



Chester Carlson gets the patent for electric photography more commonly known today as photocopying October 6, 1941




The Colossus, the first eclectic programmable computer developed by Tommy Flowers is demonstrated in December 1943



ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), the first general-purpose electronic digital calculator begins to be constructed. This computer is considered to be the first electronic computer



Dan Noble with Motorola designs a "Walkie Talkie" the first portable FM two-way radio. It was a backpack version that weighed 35 pounds




The Harvard Mark I computer is officially presented at Harvard University on August 7, 1944. The relay-based Harvard-IBM MARK I a large programmable-controlled calculating machine provides vital calculations for the U.S. Navy




The Von Neumann Architecture, the first description of a general purpose electronic digital computer with a stored programs is introduced in John von Neumann's report of the EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer)



The term bug as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper when programming the MARK II




Freddie Williams applies for a patent on his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device in December. The device that later became known as the Williams tube is capable of storing between 512 and 1024 bits of data



Konrad Zuse writes the first algorithmic programming language called 'Plankalkül'



The ENIAC computer (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator) is completed



The Selectron Tube, capable of storing 256 bits of information, begins development




On January 25, 1947, Thomas T. Goldsmith Jr. and Estle Ray Mann. file patent #2,455,992 describing one of the first computer games played on a CRT



Freddie Williams memory system known as the Williams tube, becomes operational. The device was capable of storing between 512 and 1024 bits of data



ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is founded as a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 140 countries



The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is established September 18, 1947



John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley invent the first transistor at the Bell Laboratories on December 23, 1947




IBM builds the SSEC (Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator) containing 12,000 tubes



Andrew Donald Booth creates magnetic drum memory, which is two inches long and two inches wide and capable of holding 10 bits per inch



The 604 multiplying punch, based upon the vacuum tube technology, is produced by IBM




Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology



The concept of a computer program capable of reproducing itself was first mentioned by John von Neumann in his 1949 "Theory of self-reproducing automata" essay



The Harvard-MARK III, the first of the MARK machines to use an internally stored program and indirect addressing, goes into operation again under the direction of Howard Aiken



The first computer company, Electronic Controls Company is founded by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, the same individuals who helped create the ENIAC computer.



The EDSAC (Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator) performs its first calculation on May 6, 1949.It is considered to be the first stored program electronic computer and was the computer to run a graphical computer game, nicknamed "Baby"



Popular Mechanics predicts: "Computers in the future may weigh no more than 1.5 tons."



The small-scale electronic machine (SSEM) is fully operational at Manchester University.



The Australian computer CSIRAC (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Automatic Computer) first ran.  It is considered the fifth electronic stored program computer ever developed




The United States Government receives the UNIVAC 1101 or ERA 1101 in 1950. This computer is considered to be the first computer that was capable of storing and running a program from memory.



The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito



Konrad Zuse completes and sells the Z4 on July 12, 1950, becoming the first commercial computer



Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence in October. This paper helps create the Turing Test which proposes that if a computer can pass for a human during a test then it could be said to be able to "think."



The NICAD battery begins its commercial use




The first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) is completed by T. Raymond Thompson, John Simmons and their team at Lyons Co



The first commercial computer, the "First Ferranti MARK I" becomes fully functional at Manchester University



The first ISO is published with the title, "Standard reference temperature for industrial length measurement."



UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer) was introduced. It is an electrical computer containing thousands of vacuum tubes that utilizes punch cards and switches for inputting data and punch cards for outputting and storing data



The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. It is one of the first electronic computers that utilizes the binary system



Jay Forrester applies for a patent for magnetic core memory, the first random access memory (RAM) May 11, 1951



The Nixie tube which is capable of displaying numbers 0 through 9 is first introduced


Grace Hopper develops A-0 (Arithmetic Language version 0), the first Arithmetic language




A complaint is filed against IBM in January 1952 alleging  Monopolistic practices (The government's antitrust investigations and trial against IBM will drag on for thirty years, finally being dismissed in 1982. IBM will cautiously monitor its microcomputer business practices, fearful of a repeat of government scrutiny)



Geoffrey Dummer a British radar engineer introduces the concept of the integrated circuit at a tech conference in the United States



Fairly reliable working magnetic drum memories for use in computers begin to be sold by Andrew Donald Booth and his father



RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America) is established to help standardize recording techniques and specificationhs



Alexander Sandy Douglas created the first graphical computer game of Tic-Tac-Toe on an EDSAC computer known as "OXO"



NSA (The National Security Agency) is formed on November 4, 1952




IBM introduces the 701 to the public on April 7, 1953 as it's first electric computer mass produced computer. It is used by the scientific community and a total of 19 are produced and sold.



The UNIVAC predicts the presidential election during a televised news broadcast



A magnetic memory smaller and faster than existing vacuum tube memories is built at MIT




IBM produces and markets the IBM 650. More than 1,800 of these computers are sold in an eight-year span, with 120 installations in the first year



The first version of FORTRAN (Formula Translator) is published by IBM



Texas Instruments announces the start of commercial production of silicon transistors



IBM becomes the first company to translate Russian into English using a computer



CERN (Conseil Europen pour la Recherche Nuclaire) is established on September 29, 1954



IBM introduces its first calculating machine that uses solid-state transistors instead of vacuum tubes October 7, 1954



The first commercially produced transistor radio, the Regency TR-1 is announced October 18, 1954




MIT introduces the Whirlwind Machine March 8, 1955, a revolutionary computer that was the first digital computer with magnetic core RAM and real-time graphics



Tom Watson, IBM's president is featured on the front of Time Magazine March 28, 1955



John McCarthy coins the term Artificial Intelligence (AI) in 1955 at Dartmouth University



Dartmouth Colleges John McCarthy coins the term "artificial intelligence."



IBM introduces the first IBM 702



Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer. Transistors are faster, smaller and create less heat than traditional vacuum tubs, making these computers more reliable and efficient.



The ENIAC is turned off for the last time. Its estimated to have done more arithmetic than the entire human race had done prior to 1945.




The TX-O (Transistorized Experimental computer) the first transistorized computer is demonstrated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology



The first ASR (Automatic Speech Recognition) device was used  to recognize single digits spoken by a user (it was not computer driven)



On September 13, 1956 the IBM 305 RAMAC is the first computer to be shipped with a hard disk drive that contained 50 24-inch platters and was capable of storing 5 million characters and weighed a ton



Wen Tsing Chow develops PROM (Programmable Read Only Memory)



The programming language FORTRAN is introduced to the public October 15, 1956




IBM announces it will no longer be using vacuum tubes and releases its first computer that had 2000 transistors



Fairchild Semiconductor is founded by Andy Grove, Eugene Kleiner, Gordon Moore, Jerry Sanders, Robert Noyce.



Digital Equipment Corporation is founded by Kenneth Olsen. The company will later become a major network computer manufacturer.



In response to Sputnik the United States creates the new agency ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)



Casio is established




Control Data Corporation introduces Seymour Cray's 1604 for $1.5 Million, half the cost of the IBM computer



NEC builds its first computer the NEAC 1101



William Higinbotham creates the first video game called "Tennis for Two"



The programming language FORTRAN II is created (later FORTRAN III is created but never released to the public}



President Eisenhowers Christmas address is the first voice transmission from a satellite



The first integrated circuit is developed by Robert Noyce of Fairchild Semiconductor and Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments. It was demonstrated on September 12, 1958




Hitachi is founded.



The Harvard-MARK I is turned off for the last time



Robert Noyce creates an integrated circuit with component connections made of aluminum lines of silicon



Leonard Kleinrock starts developing packetization, a method of distributing data over a network



Motorola produces the two-way, fully transistorized mobile radio



Panasonic is founded



BC  1400 - 1899  1900 - 1959  1960 - 1989  1990 - 1999  2000 - 2020


     1960 - 1989    




2,000 computers are in use in the United states



IBMs 1400 series machines, aimed at the business market begin to be distributed



The COBOL (Common Business-Oriented Language) programming language is invented



Psychologist Frank Rosenblatt creates the Mark I Perception, which has an "eye" that can learn to identify its ABCs



Bob Bemer introduces the backslash (to assist with expressing file paths)



Physicist Theodore Maiman creates the first laser May 16, 1960



AT&T introduces the dataphone and the first known MODEM (MODulator/DEModulator)



RS-232; a standard for computer data communications, is introduced by the Electronic Industries Association



IFIP (International Federation for Information Processing) is founded.



Digital introduces the PDP-1 the first minicomputer.





Hewlett-Packard stock is accepted by the New York Stock Exchange for national and international trading



Leonard Kleinrock publishes his first paper entitled "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" on May 31, 1961



The first IBM Selectric typewriter is released July 27, 1961



General Motors puts the first industrial robot the 4,000 pound Unimate to work in a New Jersey factory



Accredited Standards Committee is founded, this committee later becomes the INCITS (InterNational Committee for Information Technology Standards)



P.Z. Ingerman develops a thunk, a function with no parameters that returns an address for the parameter that it was written for



ECMA (European Computer Manufacturers Association) is established



The first transcontinental telegraph line begins operation on October 24, 1961



The programming language FORTRAN IV is created




Steve Russell creates "SpaceWar!" and releases it in February 1962  -it is considered the first game intended for computers



Paul Baran suggests transmission of data using fixed size message blocks



J.C.R. Licklider becomes the first Director of IPTO (Information Processing Technology Office) and gives his vision of a galactic network.



Philips invents the compact audio cassette tape



Sharp is founded.





IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineer) is founded.



ASCII (The American Standard Code for Information Interchange) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers



Bell Telephone introduces the push button telephone November 18, 1963




Dartmouth Universitys John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language) and run it for the first time May 1, 1964



Baran publishes reports "On Distributed Communications"



AT&T starts the practice of monitoring telephone calls in the hopes of identifying phreakers.



The TRANSIT system becomes operational on U.S. Polaris submarines. This system later becomes known as GPS (Global Positioning System)



On April 7, 1964 IBM introduces its System/360, the first of its computers to use interchangeable software and peripheral equipment.



The first computerized encyclopedia is invented at the Systems Development Corporation.




Ted Nelson coins the terms Hypertext and Hypermedia to describe the linking of information



Digital Equipment Company's first successful minicomputer, the PDP-8 is introduced. The computer sold for $18,000 and over 50,000 were sold.



Donald Davies coins the word Packet  to represent a segment of data sent from one computer or network device to another



Engineers at TRW Corporation develop a Generalized Information Retrieval Language and System that later develops to the Pick Database Management System used today on Unix and Windows systems



Texas Instruments develops the transistor-transistor logic (TTL)



Lawrence G. Roberts with MIT performs the first long distant dial-up connection between a TX-2 computer n Massachusetts and a Q-32 in California



Gordon Moore makes an observation in a April 19, 1965 paper that later becomes widely known as Moore's Law




MITs Joseph Weizenbaum writes a program called Eliza that allows the computer act as a psychotherapist



Lawrence G. Roberts and Tom Marill publish a paper about connecting over dial-up



Stephen Gray establishes the first personal computer club, the Amateur Computer Society



Robert Taylor and Larry Roberts develop ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network)



The programming language BCPL (Basic Combined Programming Language) is created and become popular   because of its portability




IBM creates the first floppy disk



The first Consumer Electronic Show is held in New York from the July 24 to 28, 1967



Donald Davies creates 1-node NPL packet net



The LOGO programming language is developed and is later known as "turtle graphics" a simplified interface useful for teaching computers to children



Ralph Baer creates "Chase", the first video game capable of being played on a television



HES (Hypertext Editing System) is developed at the Brown University



Nokia is formed



GPS becomes available for commercial use



ISACA (Information System Audit and Control Association) is established




Intel Corporation is founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore



Hewlett Packard began marketing the first mass-marketed PC, the HP 9100A



The first Network Working Group (NWG) meeting is held



On June 4, 1968 Dr. Robert Dennard at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Centre is granted U.S. patent 3,387,286 describing a one-transistor DRAM cell



UCLA is selected to be the first node on the Internet as we know it today and serve as the Network Msmnt Center.



SHRDLU, a program for understanding natural language, is created



Seiko markets a miniature printer for use with calculators



Sony invents Trinitron which becomes widely used in computer monitors



Doug Englebart publicly demonstrates Hypertext on the NLS on December 9, 1968




Control Data Corporation led by Seymour Cray, release the CDC 7600, considered by most to be the first supercomputer



AT&T Bell Laboratories develop Unix



The first totally artificial heart is placed into Haskell Carp on April 4, 1969 for 64 hours until a donor heart became available



AMD is founded on May 1, 1969



Gary Starkweather, while working with Xerox invents the laser printer



UCLA puts out a press release introducing the public to the Internet on July 3, 1969



At 4:17 Eastern Time the Apollo 11 space craft lands on the moon and Neil Armstrong becomes the first human to walk on the moon



Ralph Baer files for a US Patent on August 21, 1969 that describes playing games on a television and would later be a part of the Magnavox Odyssey, the world's first home video game console



On August 29, the first network switch and the first Interface Message Processor is sent to UCLA.



The first U.S. bank ATM went into service at 9:00am on September 2, 1969



Charley Kline a UCLA student tries to send the first message over ARPANET at 10:30 p.m on October 29, 1969. The system transmitted part of the message and then crashed making this both the first message  sent over the Internet and the first network crash



CompuServe, the first commercial online service, is established




Western Digital is founded



Steve Crocker and UCLA team releases NCP (Network Control Protocol) a communication protocol



Intel announces the 1103, a new DRAM memory chip containing more than 1,000 bits of information. This chip is classified as random-access memory (RAM)



The Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) is established to perform basic computing and electronic research



The Forth programming language is created by Charles H. Moore.



Henry Edward Roberts establishes Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) in 1970



U.S. Department of Defence develops ada (originally known as DoD-1) a computer programming language capable of designing missile guidance systems



The Sealed Lead Acid battery begins being used for commercial use



Philips introduces the VCR ( Video Cassette Recorder)



Centronics introduces the first dot matrix printer



Douglas Englebart gets a patent for the first computer mouse on November 17, 1970



IBM introduces the System/370, which included the use of Virtual Memory and utilized memory chips instead of magnetic core technology




The first 8" floppy diskette drive is introduced



Ray Tomlinson sends the first e-mail - the first messaging system to send messages across a network to other users



The computer gets a voice, as the first computer is demonstrated with a synthesized voice



Bob Bemer publishes world's first warning on Year 2000 problem  (the potential issues of IBM computers using a two-digit year date stamp)



The first laser printer is developed at Xerox PARC



FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is first purposed as a way of sending and receiving files



IBM introduces its first speech recognition program capable of recognizing about 5,000 words



Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney create the first arcade game called "Computer Space"



SMC, a manufacturer of computer networking equipment, is founded



Steve Wozniak and Bill Fernandez develop a computer called the Cream Soda Computer



Schadt and Helfrich develop twisted nematic, a method of allowing liquid crystals in an LCD to have a better contrast



Niklaus Wirth invents the Pascal programming language



Intel with the help of Ted Hoff introduces the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004 on November 15, 1971 which had 2,300 transistors, 60,000 OPS and cost $200.00



First edition of Unix is released on November 03, 1971 which includes over 60 commands (eg.  boot=reboot system; chdir=change working directory; cp=copy file; ls=list directory contents etc )




Intel introduces the 8008 processor on April 1, 1972



The first video game console called the Magnavox Odyssey is demonstrated May 24, 1972 and later released by Magnavox and sold for $100.00 USD



ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) is renamed to DARPA (Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency)



The programming language FORTRAN 66 is created



Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs invents the C Programming Language



The compact disc is invented in the United States



Cray Research Inc. is founded to develop supercomputers



Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game on November 29, 1972



First public demo of ARPANET takes place thereby beginning of what we consider the Internet today



Whetstone, a software benchmark originally written in Algol, is first released in November 1972




The architecture used with the CP/M operating system becomes the standard for the next eight years (until MS-DOS is introduced)



Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn design TCP (The Transmission Control Protocol) as one of the core protocols of the Internet



ARPA deploys SATNET the first international connection



Dr. Martin Cooper makes the first handheld cellular phone call to Dr. Joel S. Engel April 3, 1973



Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network protocol, at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) on May 22, 1973



The first VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) call is made



IBM introduces its 3660 Supermarket System, which uses a laser to read grocery prices and UPC bar codes



Interactive laser discs make their debut



The ICCP ( Institute for Certification of Computer Professionals) is founded.



U.S. Patent 3,906,166 is filed on October 17, 1973 for a radio telephone system, which helps paves the way for what we know today as a cell phone.



Judge declares John Vincent Atanasoff as the inventor of the first electronic digital computer (Atanasoff–Berry Computer) on October 19, 1973




Intel's improved microprocessor chip is introduced April 1, 1974 and the 8080 becomes a standard in the computer industry



John Draper aka Captain Crunch discovers a breakfast cereal children's whistle creates a 2600 hertz tone. Using this whistle and a blue box hes uccessfully gets into AT&T's phone network to make free calls anywhere in the world



The IBM Multiple Virtual Storage, operating system is introduced



A commercial version of ARPANET known as Telenet is introduced and considered by many to be the first Internet Service Provider (ISP)



IBM develops SEQUEL, which today is known as SQL today



IBM introduces SNA.(System Network Architecture) as a communications format



Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get)



Altair 8800 kits start going on sale December 19, 1974




Bill Gates and Paul Allen establish Microsoft April 4, 1975



Bill Gates, Paul Allen, and Monte Davidoff announce Altair BASIC



MITS ships one of the first PCs, the Altair 8800 with one kilobyte (KB) of memory. The computer is ordered as a mail-order kit for $397.00



A flight simulator demo is first shown



Xerox exits the computer market on July 21, 1975



The IBM 5100 becomes the first portable computer is released on September 1975. The computer weighed 55 pounds and had a five inch CRT display, tape drive, 1.9MHz PALM processor, and 64KB of RAM



EPSON enters the US market



IMS Associates begin shipping its IMSAI 8080 computer kits on December 16, 1975




On February 3, 1976 David Bunnell publishes an article by Bill Gates complaining about software piracy in his Computer Notes Altair newsletter



Intel introduces the 8085 processor on March 1976



Steve Wozniak designs the first Apple, the Apple I computer in 1976, later Wozniak and Steve Jobs co-found Apple Computers on April Fools day



The first 5.25-inch floppy disk is invented



Microsoft introduces an improved version of BASIC



The First Annual World Altair Computer convention and first convention of computer hobbyists is held in New Mexico on March 26, 1976.



The first Public Key Cryptography known as the Deffie-Hellman is developed by Whitfield Deffie and Martin Hellman



The Intel 8086 is introduced June 8, 1976



Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak demonstrate the first Apple computer at the Home Brew Computer Club



Professor at Bowling Green State University first uses the term 'Computer Ethics'



The original Apple computer company logo of Sir Isaac Newton sitting under an apple tree is replaced by the well known rainbow colored apple with a bite out of it



Matrox is founded



DES (Data Encryption Standard) is approved as a federal standard in November 1976



Microsoft officially drops the hyphen in Micro-soft and trademarks the Microsoft name November 26, 1976



In December of 1976 Bill Gates drops out of Harvard to devote all his time to Microsoft




Apple Computer becomes Incorporated January 4, 1977



Ward Christansen develops a popular modem transfer modem called Xmodem



Apple Computer Inc., Radio Shack, and Commodore all introduce mass-market computers



Peter G. Neuman coins the term Peopleware



Apple Computers Apple II, the first personal computer with colour graphics is demonstrated



ARCNET the first commercially network is developed



Zoom Telephonics is founded



Commodore announces that the PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) will be a self-contained unit, with a CPU, RAM, ROM, keyboard, monitor and tape recorder all for $495.00



Microsoft sells the license for BASIC to Radio Shack and Apple and introduces the program in Japan



Apple releases the Apple II series of computers on June 10, 1977



Tandy announces it will manufacture the TRS-80 Model 1, the first mass-produced computer on August 3, 1977. This computer is commonly referred to as the Trash 80



BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution) is introduced as an idea / operating system developed at the Computer System Research Group (CSRG) at the University of California at Berkeley




Dan Bricklin creates VisiCalc as the first spreadsheet type program



The first BBS (Bulletin Board System) is put online February 16, 1978 allowing multiple users to communicate with each other, share software and information and play games



TCP splits into TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) driven by Danny Cohen, David Reed, and John Shoch to support real-time traffic. This allows the creation of UDP (User Datagram Protocol)



Epson introduces the TX-80, which becomes the first successful dot matrix printer for personal computers



OSI (Open System Interconnection) is developed by International Organization for Standardization.



Roy Trubshaw and Richard Bartle create the first MUD (Multi-User Dungeon),  an online, text-based, virtual environment



The first spam e-mail was sent by Gary Thuerk in May 1, 1978 an employee at Digital who was advertising the new DECSYSTEM-2020, 2020T, 2060, AND 2060T on ARPAnet



Microsoft introduces a new version of COBOL



The 5.25-inch floppy disk becomes an industry standard



In June of 1978 Apple introduces Apple DOS 3.1, the first operating system for the Apple computers



Electronic Technicians Association is founded



John Shoch and Jon Hupp at Xerox PARC develop the first worm




Robert Williams of Michigan became the first human to be killed by a robot at the Ford Motors company on January 25, 1979. Resulting in a $10 million dollar lawsuit.



Epson releases the MX-80 which soon becomes an industry standard for dot matrix printers



The Intel 8088 is released on June 1, 1979. The 8088 was available in speeds from 4.77 MHz and 8MHz and used a 16-bit architecture capable of accessing up to 1MB of RAM



Texas Instruments enters the computer market with the TI 99/4 personal computer that sold for $1,500.



Hayes markets its first modem that becomes the industry standard for modems



Atari introduces a coin-operated version of Asteroids



More than half a million computers are in use in the United States



Oracle introduces the first commercial version of SQL



The Motorola 6800, an 8-bit processor is released and is later chosen as the processor for the Apple Macintosh



Virtual Memory Systems is introduced as a a multi-user, multitasking operating system



CompuServe becomes the first commercial online service offering dial-up connection to anyone September 24, 1979



The following companies were founded during 1979: Oracle, Saitek, Seagate, Bit 3, Phoenix, Novell, 3COM, SCO (Santa Cruz Operation, Inc), Sierra




On January 3, Hewlett Packard introduces its HP-85, a microcomputer with 16kB of RAM and a 5-inch CRT display



IBM introduces RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer)



IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. The pair buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template. IBM allows the two to keep the marketing rights to the operating system, called DOS (Disk operating system)



IBM hires Microsoft to develop versions of BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, and Pascal for the PC being developed by IBM



Microsoft licenses Unix and starts to develop a PC version, XENIX



The programming language FORTRAN 77 is created



The first Tandy Colour computer is introduced



The following are founded during 1980: AST,  FIC, Iomega, Quantum



Atari becomes the first company to register a Copyright for two computer games "Asteroids" and "Lunar Lander" on June 17, 1980



ARPANET experiences first major network crash causing it to go down for four hours October 27, 1980




Jeff Dailey, a 19-year old becomes the first person to die from computer gaming after dying from a heart attack after posting a score of 16,660 on Berzerk



Satya Pal Asija receives the first U.S. patent for a computer software program May 26, 1981



Microsoft buys the rights for QDOS (Quick and Dirty Disk Operating System) from Seattle Computer Products (SCP) for $25,000 on July 27, 1981



MS-DOS 1.0 is  released on August, 1981



ANSI (American National Standards Institute) is was founded.



IBM joins the computer race by announcing the IBM Personal Computer on August 12, 1981, which runs the new MS-DOS operating system and has a starting price of $1,565



Kermit, a file-transfer and terminal protocol, is developed at the Columbia University in New York



Xerox introduces the Graphical Star workstation, a computer which greatly influences the development of Apple's future computer models, Lisa and Macintosh, as well as Microsoft's Windows



VHDL ((Very High Speed Integrated Circuit) is proposed and begins development



VMEbus (VERSAmodule Eurocard bus) is developed



Hayes Introduces the Smartmodem 300 with its standard setting AT command set and an operating speed of 300 bits per second



Adam Osborne introduces the Osborne I, the first successful portable computer, which weighs 25 pounds



Hewlett-Packard introduces the Superchip the first 32-bit chip



Commodore ships the VIC-20, which later becomes the worlds most popular computer costing only $299.95



The following are founded in 1981: Adaptec, Diskeeper, BITNET,  Gemlight, CTX, Kensington, Logitech



Hayes releases the Smartmodem 1200 with transfer rates of 1,200 bits per second




Peter Norton creates Norton Utilities



Sony releases its first Trinitron monitor



The following are founded in 1982: SGI   Maxtor, Hercules, Labtec, Number Nine, Symantec, Lotus Development Corporation, Diamond Multimedia, Adobe, BTC, Sun, Compaq Computer Corp



The Intel 80286 is introduced February 1, 1982



Disney releases the movie Tron on July 9, 1982, the first movie to use computer generated special effects



A Philips factory in Germany creates the world's first compact disc on August 17, 1982



Microsoft releases FORTRAN for the PC COBOL for MS-DOS, and Multiplan for the Apple II and CP/M machines



WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program that will become one of the computer markets most popular word processing program



The first luggable computer, weighing around 15 to 30 pounds, is introduced



The Commodore 64 an 8-bit computer with 64 kilobytes of memory and Commodore BASIC begins to be sold.



The HX-20 becomes the first notebook-sized portable computer is introduced by Epson



MS-DOS version 1.25 is released



Apple Computer is the first personal computer manufacturer to hit the $1 billion mark for annual sales



Professor Scott Fahlman creates a post on bulletin board raising  the idea of using a series of characters to represent a smiley face and frown face that later became known as emoticons



Sony begins selling the first Audio CD players October 1, 1982



The XT bus that had four DMA channels, was 8-bit, and had a bus speed of 4.77 MHz is introduced



Rich Skrenta a 15-year old high school student creates the first known computer virus known as The Elk Cloner



AutoCAD is introduced in December 1982




Lotus 1-2-3, a spreadsheet program is introduced January 26, 1983



Apple releases the Lisa computer, the first commercial computer with a GUI (Graphical user Interface)



The IBM XT is first introduced on March 8, 1983



The first Apple Worldwide Developer Conference is held



Compaq introduces the first 100% IBM compatible computer the "Compaq Portable" in March of 1983



PC World magazine first appears on news stands in March 1983



BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution) 4.2 is released and introduces pseudo terminals



Iomega introduces the Bernoulli drive



TIME magazine nominates the personal computer as the "machine of the year" December 26,1982, the first non-human ever nominated



The 414s, a group of hackers are caught by the FBI



Novell introduces Netware



The Apple IIe is introduced containing 64 kilobytes of RAM one megahertz 6502 processor, running Applesoft BASIC and selling for $1,400



ARPANET standardizes TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)



THX is established as a standard for sound in home theatre and computer games



More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States.



MS-DOS 2.0 is  released in March, 1983



True BASIC is created and is a compiled, structured language. It doesn't require line numbers, as the original BASIC did, and includes the advanced control structures necessary for structured programming



The QIC (Quarter-Inch Cartridge) becomes the first standard in the computer history for tape drives



The GNU operating system is first announced by Richard Stallman September 27, 1983



IBM announces the PCjr (PC junior) computer November 1, 1983



Microsoft Windows is announced in November 10, 1983



The largest Bulletin Board System,Exec-PC goes online in November 28, 1983




Docutel/Olivetti introduce the Olivetti PC, compatible with the IBM PC on January 3, 1984



The now famous Apple "1984" commercial is aired during Super Bowl XVIII January 22, 1984



On January 24, 1984 the Apple Macintosh is introduced



Hitachi announces it has developed the first memory chip capable of holding 1MB on January 5th



IBM's AT (Advanced Technology) computer is introduced with a 1.2MB floppy disk drive, 512k of RAM and a 20Megabyte disk drive



The first global Multi-User Dungeon (MUD) is developed and run across BITNET



Microsoft creates a new hardware and peripheral division March 29, 1984



The game Tetris is first released in the USSR June 6, 1984



Amiga is purchased by Commodore Business Machines on August 15th



ASN.1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One) is first defined as a standard of network encoding and decoding



The 3.5-inch floppy diskette is introduced and later becomes an industry standard



Dell Computer is founded on May 3, 1984 in Austin Texas



Fox Software FoxBASE is introduced as the first database program



Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel introduce DNS Domain Name System or Domain Name Service)



Apple's AppleTalk networking protocol is introduced



IBM develops EGA (Enhanced Graphics Adapter) with higher resolution, more colours, and a quicker response then previous video cards.



Microsoft introduces MS-DOS 3.0 for the IBM PC AT and MS-DOS 3.1 for networks



The Tandy 1000 personal computer is introduced and becomes the best-selling IBM-compatible computer of the year



University of Southern California professor Fred Cohen creates alarm when he warns the public about computer viruses in his Computer Virus - Theory and Experiments paper.



The term cyberspace is first used and coined by William Gibson in his book Neuromancer.



Kings Quest 1: Quest for the Crown is released to the public by Sierra



The Yellow book of CD-ROM standards is written



ISA (Industry Standard Architecture) is expanded to 16-bit capability




The WELL, a website that many credit as being the birthplace of the online community movement is founded in February 1985 by Stewart Brand and Larry Brilliant



On January 4th at Commodore introduces the Commodore 128 PC with 8502 processor 128 kB of RAM and ROM cartridge port



On January 4th Atari introduces the Atari 130XE, 130ST, 260ST, 520ST, 65XE, 65XEM, and 65XEP computers



The first Internet domain name symbolics.com is registered by Symbolics, a Massachusetts computer company on March 15



The GNU manifesto is published by Dr. Dobb's Journal



The Amiga  A1000 is introduced



Dell releases its first computer, the "Turbo PC"



Microtek introduces the world's first 300-dpi black-and-white sheet fed scanner



Microsoft and IBM begin collaboration on the next-generation operating system (OS/2)



CAT1 (Category 1) wiring is introduced



Intel introduces the 80386 processor in October



Paul Brainard of Aldus Corporation introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh, a program that lets users mix type and graphics on the same page. The combination of this software and the new Apple LaserWriter laser printer helps create the desktop publishing field



The Mach Project begins at the Carnegie Mellon University



IBM develops the NetBEUI (NETBios Enhanced User Interface)



Microsoft Windows 1.0 is introduced in November and is initially sold for $100.00



Steve Jobs quits Apple on September 16



IBM introduces the Baby AT motherboard form factor



The following are founded in 1985: Corel, Gravis Boca, ATI, Gateway 2000, Quantum Computer Services (which later becomes AOL)



The first C++ reference guide is published by Bjarne Stoustrup October 14



The Nintendo Entertainment System is released in North America October 18



Microsoft releases the first version of Microsoft Excel on the Apple Macintosh November 30




The Hacker Manifesto is published in Phrack (Volume One, Issue 7, Phile 3 of 10) on January 8



The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is formed January 16, 1986



Beny Alagem buys the Packard Bell name from Teledyne and starts the Packard Bell computer company



The term vaporware describing software that has been officially announced by a company, but has not officially been released is first used by Philip Elmer-DeWitt in a TIME magazine article



The following are founded in 1986: Gigabyte Pixar (co-founded by Steve Jobs), Aztech and Avid



Apple introduces the Mac Plus containing one megabyte of RAM, a new keyboard that contains cursors and numeric keypad and which is sold for $2,600



The AT or 101 key keyboard is introduced by IBM



Compaq introduces the first 386-based PC compatible computer



The NCSA (National Centre for Supercomputing Applications) opens



Microsoft is listed on the New York Stock Exchange selling shares to the public at $21 each, making Bill Gates one of the worlds youngest billionaires



The domain ibm.com comes online March 19, 1986



MS-DOS 3.2 was released in April, 1986



IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) is developed by Stanford University



Eric Thomas develops the first Listserv which delivers e-mails to everyone who has subscribed to the list



NSFNET (National Science Foundation Network) is created



BITNET II (Because It's There Network) is created



IBM PC Division (PCD) announces it's first laptop computer, the PC Convertible, weighing 12 pounds, which is 18 pounds lighter than the earlier portable computer



CD-i (Compact Disc-Interactive) format is specified



Tandy announces the Color Computer 3 July 30, 1986


3D printing becomes a reality with the first patent for a stereo lithography apparatus (SLA) being issued to Charles (Chuck) Hull, who first developed his SLA machine in 1983


More than 30 million computers are in use in the United States




Steve Wozniak ends his employment with Apple on February 6, 1987



The domain apple.com comes online February 19, 1987



CompuServe introduces the GIF (Graphic Interchange Format) standard and images



Microsoft purchases Forethought Incorporated the company that developed PowerPoint



Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works



.Dolby AC-1, the first digital coding technology is introduced



Microsoft and IBM release OS/2 1.0



The Mac SE is introduced at $2,900



Chipsets begin to be found on computer motherboards



IBM introduces the PS/2 personal computer that has improved graphics, a 3.5-inch diskette drive, and proprietary bus to help prevent clone makers competition, and a bidirectional 8-bit port



 IBM sends clone manufacturers letters demanding retroactive licensing fees



IBM develops 8514/A a graphics display standard that supports resolutions of 1024x768 and is interlaced.



.MS-DOS 3.3 is released in April, 1987



IBM introduces MCA (Micro Channel Architecture)



Microsoft Shares hits $100 per share



The SPARC (Scalar Processor ARChitecture) processor is first introduced by Sun.



The first e-mail from China is sent to its connection in Germany September 20, 1987



IBM introduces VGA (Video Graphics Array)



Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0



Microsoft introduces Windows 2.0 in December 9, 1987



The following are established in 1987: RealTek, Elitegroup Computer Systems, Oak Technology, VIA Technologies, Apogee



The domain cisco.com comes online May 14, 1987




Apple files a copyright infringement against Microsoft for Windows 2.03 and Hewlett Packard for New Wave in comparison with their Macintosh operating system



About 45 million PCs are in use in the United States.



SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) is introduced.



Robert Morris releases the Morris worm November 22, 1988, becoming one of the first major worms to infect roughly 6,000 computers over the Internet and helps establish the CERT Coordination Centre



Creative Labs introduces the SoundBlaster, a sound card for the PC that contains an 11-voice FM synthesizer with text-to-speech, digitized voice input / output, a MIDI port, a joystick port and bundled software



Jarkko Oikarinen develops IRC (Internet Relay Chat)



EISA (Extended Industry Standard Architecture) is announced in September as an alternative to MCA



Morphing is first introduced in the movie Willow



Intel 80386SX is introduced



Motorola releases the 88000 processor



MS-DOS 4.0 is released July, 1988 and MS-DOS 4.01 is released November, 1988



NTP (Network Time Protocol) is introduced to help synchronize computer times



The following are established in 1988: Trend Micro Xircom, Promise, OSF and CREN ( from a merger between Bitnet and CSNET)




GriD Systems Corporation introduces the first pen-based computer



The Gif89a (animated gif) standard is introduced



SQL Server is introduced



Intel releases the 486DX processor, with more than 1 million transistors and multitasking capabilities



Orange book, which defines the standard for writable discs, is released by Philips and Sony



Poqet announces the Poqet PC the first pocket-sized MS-DOS compatible computer



The networking routing protocol OSPF is introduced



The following are founded in 1989: Citrix, S3 Inc, Asus ,ActionFront, PCMCIA Trade Association and ABIT



BC  1400 - 1899  1900 - 1959  1960 - 1989  1990 - 1999  2000 - 2020


     1990 - 1999    




Tim Berners-Lee, working with Robert Cailliau at CERN proposes a 'hypertext' system, starting the Internet as we know it today



Microsoft releases Windows 3.0  will sell more than 3 million copies in one year



Microsoft exceeds $1 billion in sales and becomes the first company to do so



Microsoft releases its first product for the Russian market Russian DOS 4.01



EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation), a group of volunteer people who work to help protect everyone's digital rights is founded on February 16, 1990



The first search engine Archie, written by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and Mike Parker at McGill University in Montreal Canada is released on September 10, 1990



The Hubble telescope goes into space



Norton sells his software business to Symantec



Creative Labs introduces the SoundBlaster Pro with enhanced features



The Multimedia Personal Computer (MPC) standards are developed by Tandy and Microsoft



Microsoft and IBM stop working together to develop operating systems



IBM introduces XGA (eXtended Graphics Array)



ARPANET replaced by NSFNET (National Science Foundation Network)



GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) standard is defined



The NiMH battery begins being used for commercial use



Intel releases the 80386SL processor which uses low power and is found in many portable computers



The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is launched October 17, 1990



Gopher a menu-driven search-and-retrieval tool that helps Internet users locate information online is developed at the University of Minnesota



Tim Berners-Lee successfully sets up the first web server at info.cern.ch on December 25, 1990



 The World, the first commercial Internet dial-up access provider comes online



Quarterdeck releases its memory management program QEMM386 version 5.1 which quickly becomes the fastest-selling software program in the Untied States




HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) 0.9 is introduced  1991



National Science Foundation opens the Internet to commercial development



AMD introduces the AM386 microprocessor family in March



Intel introduces the Intel 486SX chip for $258.00 in April in efforts to bring a lower-cost processors to the PC market



Cell phone Lithium batteries begin being recalled in Japan after a phone explodes and burns a man's face



.Python, an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language, is introduced



Symantec releases Norton anti-virus software



The programming language FORTRAN 90 is created



Microsoft changes the name of OS/2 to Windows NT following its decision not to develop operating systems cooperatively with IBM



BSDi and id Software are both founded in 1991



Pretty Good Privacy (PGP), a public key used for encryption, is released as Freeware by Philip Zimmerman



The computer Monkey Virus is first discovered in Edmonton, Canada.



The domain microsoft.com comes online May 2, 1991



Apple introduces System 7 operating system May 13, 1991



The DLT tape drive is released as a very reliable, high-speed and high-capacity tape drive solution



The Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP) is developed by Intel, Xircom and Zenith Data Systems



TrueType, a scalable font is introduced and developed by Microsoft and Apple and is used on all Apple computers and PC computers running Windows



MS-DOS 5.0 is released in June, 1991



The London Science Museum completes the Difference Engine No 2 in June of 1991 for the bicentennial year of Charles Babbage's birth



The World Wide Web is launched to the public on August 6, 1991. Tim Berners-Lee, a scientist at the European Partial Physics Laboratory (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland develops the Web as a research tool



Linux is introduced by Linus Torvald in August 25, 1991



Apple QuickTime is introduced in December 2, 1991




The Internet Society is formed



John Scully first uses the term PDA (Personal Digital Assistant) at Consumer Electronic Show while describing the Apple Newton on January 7, 1992



Microsoft introduces Windows 3.1 which sells more than 1 million copies within the first two months of its release



Intel releases the 486DX2 chip March 2 with a clock doubling ability that generates higher operating speeds.



Microsoft acquires Fox Software in June, maker of FoxPro, a database application



VESA (Video Electronics Standards Association)  local bus is introduced as the first to have direct access to the system memory at the speed of the processor 



Radio Shack releases the M2500 XL/2 and M4020 SX personal computers which are the first personal computers based upon the MPC specification



The Re-usable Alkaline battery is first used for commercial purposes



EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port) version 1.7 is released



IBM introduces the ThinkPad, the industry's first notebook with a 10.4 inch colour TFT display and TrackPoint



Thrustmaster and GeCAD are both founded in 1992



TWAIN, a standard interface for scanning equipment is developed by the TWAIN consortium, as it was called, consisting of representatives from Aldus, Caere, Eastman, Kodak, Hewlett Packard and Logitech



Microsoft and Hewlett Packard develops ECP (Enhanced Capabilities Port)



MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) standard is defined



Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is developed by SQL Access Group



Jean-Loup Gaily and Mark Alder release GNU zip (Gzip), a compression software program on October 31, 1992




Fifty World Wide Web servers are known to exist as of January, 1993



Winsock, an interface that allows communication between TCP/IP and Window, sis released January 1993



President Bill Clinton puts the United States White House online with a World Wide Web page and e-mail address for the President, Vice President and the first lady



Microsoft releases Windows NT, Microsoft Office 4.0 and MS-DOS 6.0



Intel develops PPGA  (Plastic Pin Grid Array) as a solution to heat-related issues



The NCSA releases the Mosaic browser, the first widely used graphical World Wide Web browser, on April 22, 1993



Tandy sells its computer business to AST Research



Intel releases the Pentium Processor on March 22 1993. It is a 60 MHz processor, incorporates 3.2 million transistors and sells for $878.00



Microsoft and IBM introduce a Plug-and-Play Industry Standard Architecture (PnP ISA)



The first live streaming was done by the band Severe Tire Damage on June 24, 1993. The event was seen live in Australia and other locations over the Internet



Microsoft Windows NT 3.1 is released on July 27, 1993



Wine begins to be developed as a software program to enable users to run many Microsoft Windows applications under Linux



John Scully is named president of Apple Computers



The following are founded in 1993: Neomagic, FRISK software, IrDA, Funcom, PowerQuest and Efficient Networks



InterNIC (Internet Network Information Centre) is officially established in 1993 by the US National Science Foundation. InterNIC and is responsible for domain name and IP address allocation



Tim Negris, a VP at Oracle Corporation coins the term Thin client to represent a terminal that relies on another computer system (usually a server) to supply the operating system and software applications needed by the user



ADSI (Analog Display Service Interface) is developed at Bellcore as a protocol that allows for voice and data to be heard and displayed on devices



The Environmental Protection Agency, along with 50 computer companies, establish Energy Star guidelines that aim to decrease the amount of power a PC uses it is idle



Developed by IBM, Motorola and Apple the PowerPC processor for the Apple Power Mac is introduced and later included in the Power Mac



VideoCD (VCD) is introduced



The PC game DOOM by Id Software is released December 10, 1993 representing a turning point for first person shooters and for computer games in general



Broderbund releases the computer game Myst on September 24, 1993 which becomes one of the most popular, well known, and widely sold IBM and Apple Macintosh compatible  titles



Microsoft Windows 3.11, an update to Windows 3.1, is released on December 31, 1993




Commodore Computers files Bankruptcy



Vice President Al Gore makes a speech where he coins the term "Information Superhighway"



IBM releases OS/2 Warp



CDDI (Copper Distributed Data Interface) is adopted as a data transmission standard that uses either shielded twisted-pair (STP) or unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) copper wire



Intel releases the second generation of Intel Pentium processors on March 7, 1994



Netscape (Mosaic Communications corporation) is found by Marc Andreesen and James H. Clark April 4, 1994



Microsoft introduces SMS, now known as SCCM ( System Centre Configuration Manager)



Iomega releases its Zip disk drive and diskettes



The following are founded in 1994: Red Hat Linux, 3DFX, Sunbelt Software, Geek Squad



The W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) is founded by Tim Bernes-Lee to help with the development of common protocols for the evolution of the World Wide Web



Microsoft releases its beta for Windows 95, code named Chicago



Rasmus Lerdorf creates PHP (Hypertext Pre-processor)



IBM PCD introduces the IBM ThinkPad 775CD, the first notebook with an integrated CD-ROM



Hotwired sells the first banner ad to AT&T on October 27, 1994 and begins running the first Internet banner ad campaign



A mathematical flaw in the Intel Pentium involving the Pentium not correctly performing floating-point calculations is discovered



YAHOO is created in April, 1994.



The e-mail hoax "Good Times virus" is first sent out in e-mail



Microsoft releases Windows 3.11 in February, MS-DOS 6.22 in April and Windows NT 3.5 in September



Intel introduces the Intel 486DX4 processor



Norway's telecom company, Telenor, starts a research project that later becomes Opera Software



Mosaic Netscape 0.9, the first Netscape browser is officially released October 13, 1994, introducing the Internet to Cookies



Perl 5.000 is released on October 17, 1994



Amazon.com domain is registered on November 1, 1994



WXYC (89.3 FM Chapel Hill, NC USA) becomes the first traditional radio station to announce broadcasting on the Internet November 7, 1994



Mosaic branches off the company Netscape on November 14, 1994 and Netscape version 1 is soon released



On December 24, 1994 Unisys and CompuServe announced that they expected licensing fees for software that creates and displays GIF images. This leads to the development of the PNG (Portable Network Graphic) format




Apple allows other computer companies to clone its computer by announcing its licensed the Macintosh operating system rights to Radius on January 4, 1995



IBM introduces the butterfly keyboard which expands when the laptop lid is opened and collapses when the lid is closed



The dot-com boom starts



Code named Utopia, Microsoft Bob is introduced as a user friendly interface on January 5, 1995 by Bill Gates



The first Wiki is created



Yahoo.com domain is registered on January 18, 1995.



Netscape introduces SSL (Secure Socket Layer) in February of 1995 to aid security on the Internet



Apple develops FireWire



The first VoIP software (Vocaltec) is released allowing end users to make voice calls over the Internet



Perl (Practical Extraction and Reporting Language) 5.001 is released March 13, 1995



The Opera browser version 1 is released April 1, 1995



Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 1.0 on August 16, 1995



The domain ebay.com comes online August 4, 1995



Netscape goes public at $28.00 a share and by the closing ends at $58.00 a share



The first E3 (Electronic Entertainment Expo) is held in Las Vegas Nevada



Intel introduces the SMBus (System Management Bus)



Microsoft and General Electrics NBC television network form a partnership



LiveScript is renamed to JavaScript



Java is introduced



The Iomega Jaz drive is introduced



Microsoft Windows NT 3.51 is released May 30, 1995



Microsoft releases Windows 95 and within four days the software sells more than 1 million copies



PHP, a scripting language designed for creating dynamic web pages and web pages that effectively work with databases, is publicly released June 8, 1995



Amazon.com is officially opened  July of 1995



DSVD (Digital Simultaneous Voice Data) is released



WebTV Networks is founded allowing access to the Internet from a television



EBay is founded by Pierre Omidyar



Hotmail is started by Jack Smith and Sabeer Bhatia



Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 2.0 on November 22, 1995 and officially starts the browser war with Netscape



CD-E is introduced to the general public thereby enabling users to create, erase and reuse CDs



Ruby, an open source object-oriented programming language, is released



Microsoft releases DirectX 1.0 (4.02.0095) on September 30, 1995



EDO (Extended Data Out) memory is introduced



Intel releases the new ATX motherboard



Lotus becomes a part of IBM



The first computer network wiretap is authorized October 23, 1995 and leads later to the arrest of Julio Cesar Ardita



The USB (Universal Serial Bus) standard is released



Intel introduces the Intel Pentium Pro in November



Toy Story is released November 22, 1995 becoming the first movie that is completely computer generated



The HTML 2.0 standard is first published on November 24, 1995



Larry Page and Sergey Brin begin developing a search engine called BackRub with PageRank, technology that becomes part of Google



IBM unveils Deep Blue on December 5, 1995, a parallel computing system that will later play and beat the World Chess Champion Gary Kasparov on February 2, 1996



The Internet search engine AltaVista is launched on December 15, 1995




The domain imdb.com comes online January 5, 1996



Intel releases the 200 MHz P6



The Telecom Act deregulates data networks



For the first time more e-mail is sent than postal mail in USA



The first Java Development Kit (JDK 1.0) codenamed oak is released January 23, 1996



The game Duke Nukem 3D is released January 29, 1996



The domain myspace.com comes online February 22, 1996



The movie Twister becomes the first featured film put on DVD March 25, 1996



Microsoft VBScript is introduced



Angelfire and Netgear are both founded in 1996



Microsoft releases DirectX 3.0 ( on June 5, 1996



A domestic sheep by the name of Dolly is born and becomes the first mammal to be cloned



Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 is released July 29, 1996.



Li-polymer batteries first begin to be used



Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0 on August 13, 1996



Google is first developed by Sergey Brin and Larry Page



KDE (K Desktop Environment) begins to be developed by Matthias Ettrich



Macromedia purchases FutureWave and later releases Macromedia Flash 1.0



The first CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) specification, CSS 1, is published  in December 1996



The Communication Decency Act amendment to the U.S. 1996 Telecommunications Act comes into effect on February 8, 1996 intending to protect children from obscenity on the Internet, but many argue that its language is too vague and it violates the rights of free speech



Microsoft Windows CE 1.0 is released as a portable operating system solution



Sony enters the PC market with the release of VAIO



Creative Labs introduces the 3D Blaster card its first graphics card to be released to the computer market



U.S. Robotics announced announces its first Palm Pilot



Microsoft introduces the IntelliMouse also known as a wheel mouse.



Acer America Corporation introduces its designer home PCs



Sun Microsystems releases its line of network computers.



Apple announces it will purchase NeXT for $429 million on December 20, 1996 and that it will acquire Steve Jobs, Apples cofounder, as a consultant.



The first Tomb Raider game is released November 14, 1996



United States patent 5,579,430 is granted November 26, 1996 for the digital encoding process of MP3 files



K56Flex is announced in November by Lucent and Rockwell providing an interoperable high speed modem protocol that revolutionizes Internet communications



The ATSC approves HDTV (High-definition Television) on December 24, 1996




On January 7th Microsoft releases the final version of Internet Explorer 3.0 for the Apple Macintosh



The PNG (Portable Network Graphic) standard is introduced on January 10, 1997



IEEE releases 802.11 (WiFi) standard  in June 1997



Mosaic development and support officially discontinued on January 7, 1997



The domain facebook.com comes online March 28, 1997



Several computer manufactures introduce computers that cost less than $1,000.00



Intel introduces the MMX (MultiMedia eXtension) chip



Unwired Planet develops HDML (Handheld Device Markup Language)



Intel introduces the Slot 1 processor and slot



Connectix introduces Virtual PC for the Macintosh



AOL faces several lawsuits from subscribers who are upset about the difficulties encountered when attempting to connect to its services



The dancing baby becomes one of the Internets first fads



Altavista introduces its free online translator Babel Fish



Microsoft announces plans to buy WebTV Networks in April for $425 million a deal which is later approved and completed in August.



Digital Video Discs / Digital Versatile Discs (DVDs) begin to go on sale



The Intel Pentium II is introduced on May 7, 1997



IBM's Deep Blue computer defeats world champion chess player Garry Kasparov May 11, 1997 in their second six-game showdown, winning the tie-breaking game in only 62 minutes



Carsten Haitzler releases Enlightenment, a desktop windows manager



The following are established in 1997: E inkKaspersky, The TRUSTe organization,  Nullsoft, Webroot Software, Cyrix, Internet2 consortium



CD-RW drives and media are introduced



Bill Gates is becomes the worlds richest businessman



The NASA Pathfinder Web site, which is running real-time images sent from the Pathfinder on Mars receives more than 100 million hits during its first four days setting new popularity records



Microsoft begins working on its own search engine



The google.com domain name is registered after Sergey Brin and Larry Page decide to change the name of their BackRub search engine to Google September 15, 1997



The domain craigslist.com comes online September 24, 1997



Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 4.0 and Microsoft Office 97 and announces Windows 98



3Com buys U.S. Robotics for $6.6 billion making the consolidation the largest in the history of computer companies



Apple releases MAC OS 8



On August 6, 1997 Microsoft savs Apple by investing $150 million in Apple Computers Inc. and agreeing to continue creating software for Apple computers. Apple makes Microsoft Internet Explorer its browser of choice for Macintosh computers



The Li-Ion battery begins being used for commercial purposes



The Intel Pentium II 233 MHz processor is released



Intel releases the AGP (Advanced Graphics Port) for Video cards in August 1997



Steve Jobs rejoins Apple on September 16, 1997



Riven, the sequel to Myst, is released in October 1997



The domain netflix.com comes online November 10, 1997



Microsoft acquires Hotmail a free e-mail service in December 1997




Internet weblogs (blogs) begin to appear



Intel releases the Celeron processor



Compaq Computer purchases Digital Equipment Corporation for $9.6 billion on January 26, 1998



Hearings open between Microsoft and the U.S. Department of Justice to whether Microsoft has a monopoly on the software market



The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is passed as an addition to the U.S. copyright law making it illegal to circumvent any copy protection



XML (eXtensible Markup Language) 1.0 becomes a World Wide Web Consortium recommendation on February 8, 1998



The following are founded in 1998: Lite-on,  eMachine, Rockstar Game, PayPal, Computer Hope



3DNow! is introduced by AMD



During the demonstration of a pre-release copy of Windows 98 an error message occurs while attempts are made to install a scanner



The V.90 modem standard is announced on February 6, 1998



Sun Microsystems begins shipping the JavaStation in March of 1998



Saehan's MPMan becomes the first MP3 player released in Japan to the public in spring of 1998



The Chernobyl virus is created and begins infecting computers by executing one year later on April 26, 1999, the same day as the Chernobyl accident in Ukraine on April 26, 1986



Koko, a gorilla ape and student of American Sign Language holds first interspecies live Internet chat April 27, 1998



SETI@Home ( Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) is introduced on June 8, 1998



Microsoft Windows 98 is officially released on June 25, 1998



The "Solar Sunrise" attack is launched by two teenager hackers giving them access to more than 500 military and government computers



Google files for incorporation in California September 4, 1998



The CST (Computer Service Technician) certification is initiated by Electronic Technicians Association



Microsoft Internet Explorer passes Netscape in Internet browser market share for the first time



MySQL, an open source Relational DataBase Management System, is introduced



Amazon purchases IMDb ( Internet Movie Database)



Apple introduces the iMac, which helps bring Apple back on the computer scene as an easy and friendly computer



Sony introduces the Sony Memory Stick



In October of 1998 Microsoft announced that future releases of Windows NT would no longer have the initials of NT and that the next edition would be Windows 2000



Microsoft acquires the advertising company LinkExchange for $265 Million USD November 6, 1998



Half-Life, a popular First Person Shooter game, is released November 19, 1998



AOL announces it will acquire Netscape Communications for an estimated value of $4.2 billion November 24, 1998




RIM releases the Blackberry on January 19, 1999



The TiVo is introduced at the Consumer electronics show in January 1999



Yahoo! buys GeoCities for $3.65 billion USD January 28, 1999



The Victoria's Secret fashion show becomes the first major webcast on the Internet attracting over 1.5 million visitors on February 5, 1999



The Intel Pentium III 500 MHz is released on February 26, 1999



Microsoft releases Windows CE 3.0



RDF Site Summary, the first version of RSS (Really Simple Syndication) is created by Ramanathan Guha at Netscape in March of 1999



The popular multiplayer role-playing game EverQuest is released March 16, 1999



Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 5.0 in March 18, 1999



The first Wiki is introduces with WikiWikiWeb on March 25, 1999



The Melissa begins infecting computers March 26, 1999 and quickly spreads around the globe via e-mail in hours



AMD releases the Slot A processor and slot



RSAC becomes part of Internet Content Rating Association, aimed at protecting children from potentially harmful material on the Internet



Yahoo purchases Broadcast.com for $5.7 billion April 1, 1999



Microsoft acquires Access software April 19, 1999



National Semiconductor announced it will exit the PC processor market. June 30, 1999



Apple introduces the Apple Airport, an way to connect wireless devices to a computer, on July 21, 1999



Microsoft introduces WMV (Windows Media Video) with WMV 7



IBM introduces the first Microdrive, the world's physically smallest hard drive capable of storing 170MB



The Intel Pentium III 600 MHz is released on August 2, 1999



Sony and Philips Electronics introduce SACD (Super Audio CD)



Pyra Labs launches the Internet service Blogger August 23, 1999



The Intel Pentium III 533B and 600B MHz is released on September 27, 1999



NVIDIA introduces the GPU (Graphics Processing Unit)



Amazon agrees to buy Accept.com, Alexa Internet (Alexa.com) and Exchange.com



AOL purchases Nullsoft Jun 1, 1999



Sun Microsystems acquires StarDivision, the developers behind the StarOffice suite of software



The Intel Pentium III Coppermine series is first introduced on October 25, 1999



The D programming language starts development



On December 1, 1999 the most expensive Internet domain name, business.com. was sold by Marc Ostrofsky for $7.5 million which was later sold on July 26, 2007 again to R.H. Donnelley for $345 million USD



RIAA sues Napster December 7, 1999



Jeff Bezos of Amazon.com is named Time Person of the Year December 27, 1999



BC  1400 - 1899  1900 - 1959  1960 - 1989  1990 - 1999  2000 - 2020


     2000 - 2020    



Computers continue to work and the world doesn't come to an end on January 1, 2000 as some feared might happen because of the Year 2000 bug


Microsoft Bill Gates relinquishes his title as CEO to Microsoft President Steve Ballmer on January 13, 2000



The domain twitter.com comes online January 21, 2000



EA releases The Sims, the best-selling PC game in history, on February 04, 2000



CNR (Communication and Network Riser) is introduced by Intel February 07, 2000



Microsoft Windows 2000 is released on February 17, 2000



U.S. Judge Thomas Penfield announced that ,after 2-years in the court,  Microsoft will be split into two companies (although they can remain intact until the appeals process is exhausted)



On March 10, 2000 NASDAQ hits its record high and marks the turning point of the dot-com boom.



AOL acquires Time Warner and becomes AOL Time Warner



Microsoft Pocket PC 2000 is introduced April 19, 2000



The Children's Online Privacy Protection Act becomes effective on April 21, 2000



ATI introduces their Radeon product line on April 24, 2000



Young Filipino students release the ILOVEYOU e-mail virus which becomes one of the most costly viruses ever, costing over $10 billion dollars in damage



On June 24, 2000 U.S. President Bill Clinton makes the first ever Presidential webcast announcing a new web site able to search all government resources



Google announces it has indexed over one billion pages making it the Internet's largest search engine



Microsoft releases Windows ME June 19, 2000 and also introduces C# to the public in June 2000



Nielsen announces on August 17 that, for the first time, more than half of the households in America have Internet access



Steve Wozniak is inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in September 2000



Google launches Google AdWords with 350 customers in October of 2000



AT&T announces in October it will restructure over the next two years into a family of separate publicly held companies: AT&T Wireless, AT&T Broadband, and AT&T



Microsoft release DirectX 8, November 9, 2000



The site egghead.com announces, on December 22 2000, that its site was hacked exposing the credit details of about 3.5 million customers




Microsoft announces on January 1, 2001 that Windows 95 is now a legacy item and will no longer be sold or shipped



January  02, 2001 - Intel announced that it will recall its 1.13 GHz Pentium III processors due to a glitch. Users with these processors should contact their vendors for additional information about the recall



Linus Torvalds releases version 2.4 of the Linux Kernel source code on January 4th



Wikipedia is founded on January 15, 2001



Google acquires its first public acquisition, Deaj.com's Usenet Service on February 13, 2001, which later becomes Google groups



UsRobotics introduces the V.92 modem standard on February 27, 2001



Napster reaches over 26 million users in February 2001



Chip-making giant Intel Corp. agrees to acquire Xircom Inc., a maker of mobile computing gear, for about $748 million.



On March 08, 2001 AOL membership surpasses 28 Million



The HyperTransport standard is introduced



The Code Red worm begins infecting Windows computers in July 2001 with the intention of performing a DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service)  attack on the White House government web page



Jan de Wit aka OnTheFly is convicted for the Anna Kournikova virus May 27, 2001



Bram Cohen introduces BitTorrent on a public message board July 2, 2001



Google Image Search is introduced offering access to 250 million images in July



Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 6.0 in August 27, 2001



The CDDB (Compact Disc Database) is officially renamed to Gracenote



Apple introduces Mac OS X 10.0 code named Cheetah which  becomes available on March 24, 2001 and then Mac OS X 10.1, code named Puma on September 25, 2001



McAfee releases its first handheld virus protection software on March 09, 2001



Quantum sells its hard drive business to Maxtor to turn its full attention to higher-level storage products and services



Dell computers becomes the largest PC maker in April 2001



June 5, 2001, Nevada becomes the first U.S. state to vote to legalize online gambling.



Airlines begin to implement methods of gaining Internet access while flying.



SATA 1.0 is introduced in August 2001



USB 2.0 is introduced.



Microsoft announces on April 11, 2001 that it will no longer include Clippy with future releases of Microsoft Office



Hewlett Packard announces plans to buy Compaq on September 6, 2001



Apple introduces the iPod which goes on sale in October 23, 2001



On October 9, 2001 AMD announces a new branding scheme no longer identifying processors by their clock speed



Microsoft Windows XP home and professional editions are released in October 25, 2001



Microsoft Windows XP 64-Bit Edition (Version 2002) for Itanium systems is released



Microsoft releases the original Xbox game console on November 15, 2001



Rhapsody, digital music service, is introduced in December of 2001



Dean Kamen unveils the Segway on December 3, 2001



By December 2001 the Google search engine is indexing over three billion web documents




In February 2002 Google releases its first hardware device called the Google Search Appliance



Excite@Home, one of the largest ISP's files for bankruptcy and closes its doors on March, 02, 2002



Gentoo, a version of Linux is released March 31, 2002



Napster files for a Chapter 11 bankruptcy on June 3, 2002



PCI Express is approved as standard



Apple introduces Mac OS X 10.2 code named Jaguar which becomes available on August 23, 2002



Cartoon turtle named "Dewie" introduced to help promote Internet safety and security



PayPal is acquired by eBay on October 3, 2002



Iomega discontinues the Jaz drive



Roxio acquires the Napster name and logo in a bankruptcy auction on November 25, 2002



Hitachi purchases IBM's hard disk drive operation for $2.05 billion



Microsoft releases DirectX 9, December 19, 2002



In December 2002 Google introduces Froogle, which allows users to search for items to buy




The Slammer worm is first released in January 2003 and becomes the fastest spreading worm in history after infecting hundreds of thousands of computers in less than three hours



Google acquires Blogger on February 17, 2003



PCMCIA (Personal Computer Memory Card International Association) announces the development of a new standard codenamed NEWCARD on February 19, 2003



Intel Pentium M is introduced in March



Puppy Linux, designed to be small, portable, and easy to use is introduced.



Microsoft Windows XP 64-Bit Edition (Version 2003) for Itanium 2 systems is released on March 28, 2000


Microsoft Windows Server 2003 is released March 28, 2003



Apple opens the iTunes store on April 28, 2003


The first computer is infected with the Spybot worm on April 16, 2003


The first D Conference is held in May to discuss "all things digital"



The H.264 standard related to video compression and standards is completed in May 2003.



Internet site LinkedIn launches on May 5, 2003



Yahoo! acquires Overture for $1.63 billion on June 14, 2003



The game Second Life is released on June 23, 2003



Windows Mobile 2003 is released on June 23, 2003



The Safari Internet browser is released on June 30, 2003



The Mozilla Foundation is officially formed on July 15, 2003.



The Internet VoIP service Skype goes public on August 29, 2003



Valve introduces Steam to allow distribution of games in September 12, 2003



Intel announces the new BTX form factor to replace the ATX motherboard standard

Apple adds iTunes support for Microsoft Windows computers on October 17, 2003 



Apple introduces Mac OS X 10.3 code named Panther October 25, 2003.


The Enhanced Versatile Disc (EVD) standard is announced on November 18, 2003 as a planned replacement for DVD



Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition 2003 is released on December 18, 2003



Google releases Google Print in December 2003, which later becomes Google Book Search




MySpace official site is launched January 2004



Google jumps into the Social Networking with the release of Orkut in January 2004



The Mydoom computer virus with 250,000 infected computer begins its attack on February 1, 2004



In February 2004 Google is indexing six billion items, including 4.28 billion web pages and 880 million images



Mark Zuckerberg launches Thefacebook on February 4, 2004, which later becomes Facebook



The photo sharing site Flickr is launched in March of 2004



Comcast purchases TechTV March 25, 2004 to form G4TechTV.



Google announces Gmail on April 1, 2004 - many people take it as an April Fools joke



The SymbOS/Cabir virus, the first known mobile phone virus, is discovered June 14, 2004 and is capable of spreading to other Symbian phones over Bluetooth



Apple introduces Mac OS X 10.4 code named Tiger at the WWDC on June 28, 2004



Apple introduces AirPlay which allows for wireless streaming of audio and other types of media between specific devices



COPPA (Children's Online Privacy Protection Act) goes into effect in USA on July 1, 2004



Google acquires Picasa



Google's initial public offering (IPO) of 19,605,052 shares becomes available at $85 a share August 18, 2004



Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 is released on October 12, 2004



Google acquires Keyhole in October 2004, which later becomes Google Earth



The first version of Ubuntu is released October 20, 2004



Firefox 1.0 is first introduced on November 9, 2004



Blizzard's World of Warcraft game, the most popular and successful MMORPG is released November 23, 2004



IBM sells its computing division to Lenovo Group for $1.75 billion on December 08, 2004




Google Maps is launched February 8, 2005.



YouTube is founded and comes online February 15, 2005.



Google acquires Urchin in March 2005, which later becomes Google Analytics



Verizon introduces FiOS (Fiber Optic Service), a type of data transmission technology utilizing laser light to create fiber optic networks



Yahoo announces that it will acquire the popular photo service Flickr on March 21, 2005



Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) is introduced on March 22, 2005



The first YouTube video entitled "Me at the zoo" is uploaded on April 23, 2005



Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition is released on April 24, 2005



Google introduces its Personalized Homepage in May 2005, which is now known as iGoogle



Apple announces it plans on switching its computer to the Intel processors June 6, 2005



Microsoft announces it's next operating system, codenamed "Longhorn" will be named Windows Vista on July 23, 2005



IBM officially announces on July 14, 2005 that all sales of OS/2 will end on December 23, 2005 and that all support from IBM for OS/2 will end on December 16, 2005



MySpace is purchased by News Corporation for $580 Million US on July 18, 2005



On September 12, 2005 eBay acquired Skype for approximately  $2.6billion



The Pandora Internet Radio service is launched August 25, 2005



Google releases Google Analytics in November 2005.



TeamViewer is founded enabling remote control, desktop sharing and file transfer between computers



Microsoft releases the Xbox 360, the second generation of their popular game console on November 16, 2005



Adobe completes its acquisition of Macromedia on December 3, 2005



Yahoo! buys del.icio.us for $20 million December 12, 2005



Maxtor is acquired by Seagate Technology December 21, 2005




The blu-ray is first announced and introduced at the 2006 Consumer Electronic Show on January 4, 2006



On January 5, 2006 Intel introduces the Intel Core and Viiv



Google introduces Picasa



On March 2, 2006 Wikipedia volunteers create the article that passes the 1,000,000 article mark



Google announces acquisition of Writely in March 2006, which becomes the basis for Google Docs



Toshiba releases the first HD DVD player in Japan on March 31, 2006



Apple announces Boot Camp, which will allow users to run Windows XP on their computers April 5, 2006



Google launches Google Calendar in April 2006



Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E6320 (4M Cache, 1.86 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on April 22, ,  the Core 2 Duo Processor E6300 (2M Cache, 1.86 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on July 27 and the  Intel Core 2 Extreme on July 29, 2006



Dell purchases Alienware on May 8, 2006



Toshiba releases the first HD DVD player in a computer with the introduction of the Toshiba Qosmio 35 on May 16, 2006



Twttr, now known as Twitter is officially launched July 15, 2006



On August 6, 2006 MySpace announces its 106 millionth account was created



 Amazon.com opens its Amazon Web Service



Skype announced that it had over 100 million registered users.



The Microsoft XNA tool set is released August 30, 2006 providing templates for video game development



The GIF standard and pictures becomes officially free on October 1, 2006



Google announces plans to purchase YouTube for 1.65 Billion on October 9, 2006



Microsoft Internet Explorer 7 is introduced October 18, 2006



Google launches its Custom Search Engine service on October 23, 2006



USA Patriot Act becomes law on October 26, 2006, giving law enforcement reduced restrictions on searching telephone, e-mail, and other forms of communication and records



Google acquires JotSpot on October 31, 2006, which later becomes Google Sites.



Sony releases the PlayStation 3 on November 11, 2006



On November 14, 2006 Microsoft released its portable Zune media player



Nintendo releases the Wii on November 19, 2006



Microsoft releases Microsoft Windows Vista to corporations on November 30, 2006



Google introduces Patent search December 13, 2006, which searches over 7 million patents




Apple announces in January 1, 2007 that it will drop computer from its name as it becomes a company which deals with more than computers



Apple introduces the iPhone to the public at the January 9, 2007 at the Macworld Conference & Expo and releases it to the public on June 29, 2007



Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E4300 (2M Cache, 1.80 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) on January 21, the Core2 Duo Processor E4400 (2M Cache, 2.00 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) on April 22, 2007 and the Core2 Duo Processor E4500 (2M Cache, 2.20 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) in July 22, 2007



Dropbox, a free online service that allows users to upload their pictures, documents, and other files to sharebetween multiple computers and mobile devices is founded



Microsoft releases Microsoft Windows Vista and Office 2007 to the general public January 30, 2007



Estonia becomes the first country to conduct an election over the Internet March 4, 2007



Apple announces it will begin selling DRM-Free songs April 2, 2007.



Google announces it will purchase DoubleClick (an Internet advertising company) for $3.1 billion in cash



Google releases Google Trends on May 22, 2007 and Google Street View on May 25, 2007



Data Robotics introduces the Drobo in June enabling easy connection of multiple drives and improving data security and safety



DDR3 is introduced significantly improving RAM speed and capabilities



 The Apple iPhone Jailbreaking method is introduced to the public on July 10, 2007


The Internet domain name business.com is sold on July 26, 2007 to R.H. Donnelley for $345 Million USD



Google releases Android on November 5, 2007



The One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) is introduced to the public November 16, 2007



Amazon.com releases the first Kindle in the United States November 19, 2007



Apple introduces Mac OS X 10.5 code named Leopard October 26, 2007




Acer officially acquires Packard Bell on January 31, 2008



The HD player war comes to an end when HD DVD calls it quits, making Blu-ray the victor on February 19, 2008



Microsoft release the WorldWide Telescope (WWT) program February 27, 2008



AOL ends support for the Netscape Internet browser on March 1, 2008



Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E4700 (2M Cache, 2.60 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) March 2, 2008, the Core 2 Duo E7200 (3M Cache, 2.53 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on April 20, 200, the Core2 Duo Processor E7300 (3M Cache, 2.66 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) August 10, 2008 and the Core2 Duo Processor E7400 (3M Cache, 2.80 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) October 19, 2008



The Hulu website is released to the Public March 12, 2008  enabling the viewing of TV shows on the web



Apple introduces Mac OS X 10.6 code named Snow Leopard and MobileMe on June 9, 2008



The ATSC approves H.264 to be broadcast over television in July 2008



Apple introduces its latest line of Apple iMac computers on August 28, 2008



Google releases the first public version of Chrome on December 11, 2008




Google voice, based off GrandCentral is launched on March 11, 2009



Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 is introduced on March 19, 2009.



Apple removes support for AppleTalk in August 28, 2009 with its introduction of Mac OS X v10.6 that also is the first version of the Mac OS that no longer supports PowerPC processors



Google announces plans to acquire reCAPATCHA



Facebook overtakes MySpace in Internet traffic



The Minecraft game is released



Intel releases the Core2 Duo Processor E7500 (3M Cache, 2.93 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) January 18, 2009, the Core2 Duo Processor E7600 (3M Cache, 3.06 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) May 31, 2009



Microsoft launches the Bing search engine June 3, 2009



CompuServe shuts down on July 1, 2009



Google announces the Google Chrome OS on July 7, 2009.



After more than five years in beta, Gmail finally gets out of beta on July 7, 2009.



On July 29, 2009 Yahoo! and Microsoft announced a 10-year search deal where the Yahoo! search would be replaced by Bing



Microsoft releases Virtual PC on September 19, 2009, Microsoft Security Essentials on September 30, 2009 and Windows 7 on October 22, 2009



Palm introduces WebOS a new operating system for smart phones




Apple introduces the iPad on January 27, 2010



Google Buzz is released February 9, 2010



Apple announces over 10 billion tracks have been downloaded from iTunes



Hewlett Packard purchases the Palm company, and the rights to WebOS, in April 2010



Apple introduces the iPhone 4 on June 24, 2010



Amazon releases a press release on July 19, 2010 mentioning it is now selling more Kindle books than hardcover books



The Document Foundation releases LibreOffice September 28, 2010



Intel releases the AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface) specification in October 2010



Microsoft announces plans to release Windows Phone 7 on October 11, 2010



First all-robotic surgery performed at Montreal General Hospital on October 13, 2010



OpenStack, an open source cloud computing service, is established.



MachinimaSports becomes the 1 billionth subscriber on YouTube on October 28, 2010.



United States Cyber Command achieves full operational capability on November 5, 2010.



Planet Calypso, a virtual planet in the game Entropia becomes the most valuable virtual item selling for $635,000.00 USD on November 12, 2010.




Intel Sandy Bridge processor is released on January 9, 2011



Watson, an IBM Super computer beats the two best human Jeopardy players in a three day event with a score greater than the two human players combined on February 16, 2011



Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 9 on March 14, 2011



Microsoft announces plans on May 10, 2011 to acquire Skype for $8.5 billion in cash



Microsoft introduces Office 365 on June 28, 2011



On June 29, 2011 Newscorp sells MySpace to Specific Media L.L.C for $35 million, around $473 million less than it initially paid



On August 18, 2011 Hewlett Packard announces an interest in selling its Personal Systems Group, including WebOS.


Steve Jobs resigns as Apple's CEO due to health reasons on August 24, 2011.



Motorola releases the Xoom, a 10 inch tablet running Android 3.0 Honeycomb



RIM releases the BlackBerry Playbook running BlackBerry Tablet OS, based on the QNX Neutrino



Dell showcases the Streak 7 tablet and announces it isworking on the 10 inch Streak 10



Apple announces the iPad 2



Toshiba unveils the Toshiba Tablet, a 10 inch tablet powered by a Tegra 2 processor and Android 3.0 Honeycomb


Samsung announces the Samsung Galaxy Tab 10.1 and 8.9, the world's thinnest tablets, running Android 3.0 Honeycomb with a Touchwiz UX User Interface


HP releases the HP TouchPad with WebOS & withdraws it in August 2011, a couple of months later



Raspberry Pi,
a bare-bones, low-cost credit-card sized computer created by volunteers mostly drawn from academia and the UK tech industry, is released to help teach children to code. on February 29


Facebook buys Instagram for 1 billion dollars in cash and stock in April 2012



Google and several other companies migrate to IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6)  on June 6, 2012



Pinterest, a photo sharing site, is made available to everyone on August 10, 2012



Apple iPhone 5 goes on sale September 21, 2012


TDK demonstrates a 2 terabyte hard drive on a single 3.5-inch platter on October 4


YouTube breaks an Internet record as over 8 million concurrent live viewers watch Felix Baumgartner break his own record by jumping from the edge of space (128,100 feet) on October 15, 2012



Apple introduces the iPad mini October 23, 2012



Microsoft Windows 8 and Microsoft Surface is released October 26, 2012



The number of smart phones worldwide reaches 1 billion. It took 14 years to reach this number and it is estimated that it will take only 3 more years to reach 2 billion



Tablet computers become the fastest adopted technology hardware with a 10% adoption rate over 2.5 years



It wasn't the end of the world on December 21, 2012 as the Mayans predicted but the video Gangnam Style hit over 1 billion views on YouTube



Microsoft announces in February that it will be moving away from Hotmail brand and begin moving over 300 million users to the new Outlook.com e-mail service

Sony officially announces the PlayStation 4, a replacement for the PS3 gaming console on February 20, 2013

On March 15, 2013 Microsoft discontinued Messenger in favour of Skype

Yahoo! announces it will purchase Tumblr for 1.1Billion on May 20th, 2013

Microsoft introduces the Xbox One on May 21, 2013, a new gaming console to replace the Xbox 360

Google announces it will purchase Waze, a popular mobile social map application for $1.1Billion on June 11, 2013

On July 6, 2013 Microsoft announced that they are shutting down MSN TV and will be officially closing the service September 30, 2013

IDG announces on July 10, 2013 that the August edition of PC World magazine will be the last print edition of the magazine

The Furusawa group at the University of Tokyo succeeds in demonstrating complete quantum teleportation of photonic quantum bits on September 11, 2013, bringing quantum computer even closer to reality

Apple introduces iOS7 on September 18, 2013

Microsoft releases Windows 8.1 on October 18, 2013

Sony releases the PS4 November 15, 2013
“In Q4 2013 the number of computers (Macs, iPhones, iPod Touches and iPads) sold by Apple was larger than the number of Windows PC sold globally,” Benedict Evans reports.

In the fourth quarter of  2013 the number of computers (Macs, iPhones, iPod Touches and iPads) sold by Apple was greater than the number of Windows PCs sold globally for the first time


Satya Nadella takes over as Microsoft CEO on February 4, 2014

On February 7, 2014  the Bitcoin exchange Mt.Gox filed for bankruptcy after $460 million was reported stolen by hackers and another $27.4 million went missing from its bank accounts

The Nokia deal with Microsoft is completed April 25, 2014 making Nokia now Microsoft Mobile in a deal totalling $7.17 billion

Apple introduces the new iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, and Apple Watch on September 9, 2014

The Macworld magazine announced it will cease all print production on September 10, 2014

Microsoft unveils Windows 10 on September 30, 2014

On October 1, 2014 a Japanese man is sentenced to two years in prison for manufacturing 3D printed guns becoming the first person to serve time for such an offence

Android version 5.0 (Lollipop) released November 3, 2014


Microsoft reveals HoloLens , a high-definition holographic interface using a small, wireless headset. on January 21, 2015

RadioShack files for bankruptcy February 6, 2015

Apple officially releases the Apple Watch on April 24, 2015

Microsoft releases Windows 10 on July 29, 2015

Google splits into two companies on August 10, 2015

Android version 6.0 (Marshmallow) released October 5, 2015

Microsoft releases the Surface Book on October 26, 2015

Hewlett-Packard splits into two different companies on November 1, 2015


Fixstars Solutions releases the world's first 13TB SSD on January 13, 2016

On March 4, 2016 scientists at MIT announce that they have created the first five-atom quantum computer with the potential to crack the security of traditional encryption schemes

In March, 2016 Google’s AlphaGo, an artificial intelligence system designed expressly to win the ancient Chinese game of Go, defeats grandmaster Lee Se-Dol four times during a five-game match.

Google announces that on March 15, 2016 it will shut down Picasa.

Pokémon GO is released July 6,for Android phones and iPhone and is downloaded more than 10 million times within a week becoming the fastest growing app in history,

Google releases Android version 7.0 (Nougat) August 22, 2016

On September 16 , 2016 Apple announces the new iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus and how they have discontinued the 3.5mm headphone jack.

On October 4 , 2016 Google introduces the Pixel smartphone, new Wi-Fi routers, a virtual reality headset, new Chromecast devices, and the Google Home.


AMD introduced the Vega on January 5, 2017

On January 11, 2017, Norway became the first country to start switching off FM Radio and switching to DAB, a digital broadcasting technology

Microsoft began to release the Windows 10 Creators Update to users in April 2017

On May 12, 2017, the WannaCry ransomware attack began to infect computers running Microsoft Windows, affecting more than 230,000 computers in over 150 different countries, demanding $300 - $1,200 in bitcoin to unlock the computers encrypted data

Microsoft introduced the Surface Pro 2017 (fifth gen) and the Surface Laptop on June 15, 2017

Twitter officially expands everyone's character limit from 140 characters to 280 characters on November 7, 2017

On November 14, 2017, Mozilla announced the release of Firefox Quantum

Google begins releasing Google Assistant on smartphones

On July 11, 2017, Microsoft announced the immediate end of support for Windows Phone

On July 28, 2017, Apple announced it was discontinuing all iPod devices that were not running iOS. The iPod models marked as discontinued include the iPod Nano and iPod Shuffle

Apple introduced the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 plus, with a new edge-to-edge iPhone X with Face ID on September 12, 2017

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) begins developing a new "Molecular Informatics" program that uses molecules as computers by using Chemistry to offera rapid, scalable information storage and processing


Apple introduces the Apple HomePod on February 9

On May 21, 2018, Epic Games announces it would provide $100 million for Fortnite e-sports tournament price pools in the first year of competitive play

The European Union GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) law comes into effect on May 25, 2018

Google introduces the Google Pay service for all Android and iOS devices on January 8, 2018

Microsoft releases the Surface Go on August 2, 2018

On June 4, 2018, Microsoft announces it would acquire GitHub for $7.5 billion

In July 2018, Radioshack is reborn, and sells its products within HobbyTown locations nationwide

On October 28, 2018, IBM announce its plans to acquire Red Hat for approximately $34 billion


Computed axial lithography, a 3-D printing technology is developed by UC Berkeley and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is announced in January

January 9, Lexar announces the first SD cardwhich can store 1 terabyte

The first folding smartphones are introduced in February by Samsung (Galaxy Fold) and Huawei (Mate X)

Google introduced the Google Pixel 3a and Pixel 3a XL on May 7, 2019 and the Google Pixel 4 and 4 XL on October 24, 2019

Hewlett Packard announced the purchase of Cray for $1.3 billion on May 17, 2019

Google begins drone based deliveries via Google Wing 

Apple releases the iPhone 11, iPhone 11 Pro, and iPhone 11 Pro Max in September 2019

Microsoft introduced the Surface Duo on October 2, 2019

Google announced it would be acquiring Fitbit for $2.1 billion on November 1, 2019

Disney+ is  introduced in 2019

Samsung releases the Galaxy S10, S10e, and S10+ and Galaxy Note 10 and Note 10+ smartphones

IBM Q System One, the first commercial quantum computer from IBM, is announced

Google makes cloud gaming mainstream with Stadia

IPv4 internet addresses are exhausted


On January 14, Windows 7 reached EOL (end-of-life) and Microsoft ceases providing any support or security updates for Windows 7, and strongly advised users to upgrade to Windows 10

On January 5, Samsung announced the Q950TS, a bezel-free 8K QLED Smart TV

On January 6, Amazon announced that its Fire TV video streaming devices exceeded 40 million global active users

On January 6, Lenovo announced the Yoga 5G, a 5G-capable laptop

On January 16, Alphabet, the parent company of Google, joined the "four-comma club," achieving a market valuation over $1 trillion. The other two members of the club at the time were Apple ($1.3 trillion) and Microsoft ($1.2 trillion). The next closest company, Amazon ($930 billion), briefly joined the club in 2018

On January 29, Facebook agreed to pay $550 million to settle a class-action lawsuit filed in Illinois regarding facial recognition data collected from users without their consent

In early February, the outbreak of the COVID-19 coronavirus causes  significant disruption to the worldwide technology industry. Google announces the temporary closure of all offices in mainland China, and all Apple stores in China are also closed indefinitely. Companies including Qualcomm, Nintendo, and Facebook Oculus announce major losses in production from their factories located in China. The Chinese government reported a 50% decrease in smartphone sales

On February 4, Twitter announced a commitment to detect and label deep-fakes, and other deceptive media, on its social media platform

In May, Giphy is purchased by Facebook



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